The Philippines, also known as the Philippine Republic, is located in the Western Pacific Ocean, in Southeast Asia. Manila, its capital, is known for its waterfront and its centuries-old Chinatown. The Philippines has been a US territory for about 50 years and therefore the country follows the American education system.
The Philippines is a founding member of the UN, the World Trade Organization, the Southeast Asian Nations Council, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Conference, and the East Asia Summit. The nation also host Asian Development Bank headquarters.
The Philippines has underscored a major economic change from agriculture to services and manufacturing. The Philippines is also a founding and active member of ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations), in addition to membership in the United Nations.
The Philippines has been voted many times into the Security Council as a founding member of the United Nations. The government is also an active participant in the Council on Human Rights and in peacekeeping missions.