Kazakhstan, a Central Asian country and former Soviet republic, approaches the eastern borders of China and Russia from the Caspian Sea in the west to the Altai Mountains. Its largest city, Almaty, is a long-standing trading point whose historic spots include the Ascension Cathedral, a tsarist-era Russian Orthodox Church, and Kazakhstan’s Central State Museum, featuring a huge number of Kazakh antiquities.
Kazakhstan is an equal, democratic, unitary, safe republic with varying social legacy. The parts of Kazakhstan were transported into Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. Kazakhstan’s climate comprises flatlands, steppe, taiga, shake ravines, hillsides, deltas, snow-capped mountains and deserts. As of 2014 Kazakhstan has an estimated 18 million residents. Because of its vast land area, its population thickness is among the lowest, with less than 6 people per square Kilometre (15 people per square mi). The capital is Astana where it moved from Almaty, the biggest city in the country, in 1997.
It shares a perimeter of 6,846 km (4,254 mi) with Russia, 2,203 km (1,369 mi) with Uzbekistan, 1,533 km (953 mi) with China, 1,051 km (653 mi) with Kyrgyzstan, and 379 km (235 mi) with Turkmenistan.